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Climate Change Adaptation
Climate change is caused by natural factors such as changes in volcanic activities and solar output; and human activities. But, studies confirm that drastic climatic changes are largely due to human actions, for instance, burning of fossil fuels which produce CO2, a greenhouse gas. The buildup of greenhouse in atmosphere enhances natural greenhouse effect that warms up our planet resulting in climate change.
Now, climate change has become a global issue. Though Pakistan barely contributes to climate change but is one of top ten countries being adversely affected by it. For last five years, it has been bearing the brunt of climate change in form of super floods (2010), widespread rains (2011, 2012 and 2015), heat wave (2015) and droughts (2013 and 2014). There have been number of casualties and climate induced migration in country.
Local communities dwelling in coastal, mountainous, desert and agricultural regions of Pakistan have witnessed sharp decline in their livelihoods and income generation opportunities. Agriculture and fishing sectors have badly been affected. Extreme climatic changes have resulted increase in sea level rise and sea intrusion; land degradation and desertification, reduction in crop yields, change in rainfall patterns and rapid melting of glaciers. These implications have induced massive human migration and increased poverty coupled with health issues.
NCC has a definite vision and approach to address this issue. It has formulated 3-tier approach which links changes at local level (micro) to changes at sub-national (meso) and national level (macro) in an effort to synchronize community aspirations with decisions of policy makers. This is an integrated approach which also focus to develop grass root level climate change adaptation plans for local communities affected by climate change.
NCC envisages long-term vision that aims to provide climate resilient ecosystem enabled to support livelihood of local communities. NCC intends to address this issue by sensitizing and creating awareness among local communities. For this purpose, NCC is determined to take a number of initiatives to make people more resilient to climate change impacts. These initiatives may comprise of different interventions such as rangelands management, climate smart agriculture, water conservation including rainwater harvesting, ecological wastewater treatment, alternative energy, elevated houses for local communities and raised platforms for cattle; mangrove plantations; crab fattening ponds, micro-finance, establishment of village level disaster committees, establishment of embankments to prevent seawater intrusion and early warning systems.
NCC will also support local communities in building their capacities to adapt themselves to drastic climate impacts.