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Poverty and environment are interlinked, whereby environmental problems and poverty have adverse reciprocal effects on each other. In the context of Pakistan, according to a World Bank report the cost of environmental degradation is at around 6% ofits GDP, consequently, costing the country approx.PKR. 365 billion per year. The poverty-environment nexus is outlined by several factors including the high rate of population growth at 1.8% whichhas considerably increased pressure on the natural resources in Pakistan.In addition, environmental degradation and poor agricultural practices have led to land degradation and ground water depletion and caused reduction in the crop yield and thus affecting the livelihoods. Moreover, the rapid population growth and the over exploitation of water resources have resultedin water scarcity at an alarming rate from 53,000 cubic meters to 1,100 cubic meters per capita which ultimately affected human health and economic activity.
NCC believes that the human footprint on ecology can efficiently be reduced through integrated initiatives of community based natural resource management, capacity building and promotion of environmentally sustainable alternative livelihoods. NCC’s core program area of “Sustainable Livelihoods” focuses climate smart agricultures, natural resource based community entrepreneurship, community based ecotourism and indigenous craft, alternative energy, water and ecological sanitation and skill development.NCC believes that the provision of alternative livelihoods options will increase community resilience towards climate change impacts and in turn will certainly bring positive changes in their lifestyle and ecosystem.